When you die, what will the obituary say? Aside from the date of death, age, family members and funeral details, the obituary will discuss your occupation—how you spent your time on earth. An ancestor’s occupation is an important component of your genealogy record on an individual.
How do we discover what our ancestors did for a living? These are some of the places I check after rummaging through family scrapbooks:
- Historical newspapers
- Census (federal and state)
- Military records
- City directories
- Passenger lists
- SS-4 forms
As an example, I will use my Uncle Fred Boyser, who was a conductor for the Lackawanna Railroad in New York.
After you find your ancestor’s occupation, you should research that field. These are some of the “railroad career” sites I found, but there are many more:
U.S. Railroad Retirement Board (http://www.rrb.gov/mep/genealogy.asp)
Twigs and Trees with Rhonda: Railroad Records (http://www.genealogy.com/rhonda120299.html?cj=1&sid=railway.html&netid=cj&o_xid=0000295820&o_lid=0000295820)
Working on the Railroad : a Biography of my Father, Ross D Stong
Riding the Rails Up Paper Mountain: Researching Railroad Records in the National Archives by David A. Pfeiffer
Cyndi’s List: Railroads (http://www.cyndislist.com/railroads)
Central New York Chapter National Railway Historical Society (http://cnynrhs.org/)
Erie Railroad Internet Employee Archives (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sponholz/erie.html)
Remember that occupations run in families. In my research I discovered that my Uncle Fred’s father (Louis Boyser) was also a conductor.
Often there were trade organizations or clubs for a certain line of work. In reviewing the contents of Fred’s wallet, I found this card:
I then found the following website that discusses this organization:
Guide to the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen Records, 1883-1973
Fred’s father was a member of the Brotherhood of Railway Conductors. Here is a website that examines a society for railway conductors:
Guide to the Order Of Railway Conductors And Brakemen Records, 1868-1969
There were even organizations for the wives of trainmen. Anna, Louis Boyser’s wife, was a member of the Ladies Auxiliary of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen.
Learning about an ancestor’s occupation gives you an insight into what their lives were like. Put yourself in your ancestor’s shoes. Spend the day with them, so to speak, and think about what they experienced. Fred was away from home quite a bit, possibly making it hard on his marriage. On the other hand, he got to travel and meet many people. I have been told that Fred used to brace his arm against the wall of the rumbling caboose to steady himself. Apparently, he was so used to that routine that he braced his arm against the wall at home too. Working on the railroad was financially rewarding: Fred retired after 48 years to spend his winters in Florida and his summers at Verona Beach, New York.